Charleston: “Where Do We Go From Here? ©

   The War Between  the Political Parties was started when South Carolina, on December 20, 1860, seceded from the Union and declared itself an “independent commonwealth.”   At the time, President Abraham Lincoln believed that blacks were unfit for military service.  This view would change in a hurry. Congress declared, on July 17, 1862, that blacks were fit for military service.

            General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate States of America ended the Civil War by surrendering to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.  If this had been more than a ceremonial surrender, twenty-seven thousand Confederate soldiers would have become prisoners of war. Surrender should have meant the suppression of all symbols of the Confederacy.

            If you fail to plan, you plan to fail.  Our revered ancestors met in Syracuse, NY to, inter alia, establish the Equal Rights League in October 1864.  John Mercer Langston would head it.  He would also become the first congressman from Virginia.  Frederick Douglass would chair the convention.

            Blacks, today, need to revisit the Compromise of 1877, which would lead Justice Joseph Bradley of the U.S. Supreme Court to invalidate the Civil Rights Act of 1875.  Bradley declared that blacks would no longer be the “special favorites of the law.”  This was a unilateral compromise.

            A reasonable person would conclude that, as a result of the actions taken by the presidential electoral commission, blacks would no longer enjoy the special protection of the law.  This was a major blow to black soldiers.  Black rights had been compromised once again to save the Union.

            It is my hope that a national discussion will take place after the radio program in Atlanta, GA.  As a benchmark, blacks must at least revisit the Compromise of 1877.  Congress enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to make blacks “citizens” of the United States.  Our revered ancestors demanded constitutional protections.

            On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that whites could ride the backs of formerly enslaved Africans.  Without black soldiers in the Civil War, there would be no Fourteenth Amendment.  We landed in America before the Pilgrims.  Today, everyone, who was excluded from the U.S. Constitution, is now riding our backs free of charge.  Blacks are the gifts that keep on giving.

            Listen to Alton Maddox on “Sunday Night Fiyah” WRFG.FM (89.3) in Atlanta, Georgia on Sunday, June 28, 2015, from 10-midnight.  “Sunday Night Fiyah” is hosted by Karen Mason and will be streaming on for convenient worldwide listening.

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